The House passed Democrats’ massive election reform bill, the “For the People Act” on Wednesday in wake of lingering bitterness over the 2020 election and Jan. 6 Capitol attack.
Republicans warned that the legislation amounts to a federal takeover of the election system that will create opportunities for fraud, while Democrats say that the longtime wishlist of reforms would expand voting access and reduce the influence of money in elections.
Democrats previously passed a version of H.R. 1 — the bill number saved to signify a top priority of the majority party — in the last Congress in 2019, but it never got a vote in the Republican-controlled Senate. This time, every single House Democrat has signed on to the bill, and Democratic Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer is poised to bring the legislation up in the Senate, though he only has a slim, non-filibuster-proof 50-50 majority.
Measures in the massive bill, passed 220-210 Wednesday, include:
- Creating nationwide automatic voter registration.
- Reducing the number of members on the Federal Election Commission from 6 to 5. Democrats say will allow the commission to do its job rather than be deadlocked, but Republicans say that would make the FEC a “partisan weapon.”
- Require certain politically active groups, including 401(c)3 “dark money” nonprofit organizations, to disclose donors who give $10,000 or more, and expand the definition of election-related communication and reduce the influence of independent expenditure-only “super PACs,” among other measures.
- Require states to allow any eligible voter to vote by mail in federal elections.
- Require states to allow any eligible voter to use ballot drop-boxes.
- Allows felons who have completed their incarceration to vote.
Democrats celebrated impending passage of the bill with a press conference on the Capitol steps on Wednesday, during which Democrats held up small American flags.
Pelosi said that across the country, over 200 measures are being put together “to suppress the vote.”
“How could it be? How do we pledge allegiance to the flag, in the Capitol, this temple of Democracy, while at the same time supporting voter suppression across the country?” Pelosi asked.
Not all of the far-left’s priorities made it into the bill, though. An measure to lower the voting age from 18 to 16 from “Squad” member Rep. Ayanna Pressley, a Democrat from Massachusetts, failed on the House floor on Wednesday.
Republicans sharply criticized the bill. In an op-ed, Republican Reps. Chip Roy of Texas, Ted Budd of North Carolina, and Jody Hice of Georgia argued that the bill is a ploy by Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer and Pelosi to “cancel your choice at the ballot box.”
Republicans in the House and Senate have signed on to an alternative to the Democrats’ bill with the “Save Democracy Act,” a proposal crafted in the House Republican Study Committee that has versions introduced in both the House and the Senate.
That bill would tighten, rather than loosen, requirements to vote, largely proposing the opposite of measures in Democrats’ H.R. 1: It would require people who register to vote to provide their social security number and to have identification when voting, and it would prohibit automatic voter registration.